My research explores the interplay between emotion, cognition, and consciousness. My primary line examines the operation of basic affective reactions, such as those elicted by emotional facial expressions. A related line concerns cognitive "feelings", such as the experience of processsing fluency and the experience of recall effort. I am also interested in how categorization changes the impact of cognitively accessible information on judgment. While pursuing all these issues, I employ a variety of methodologies: from standard methods of social and cognitive psychology to methods of psychophysiology and neuroscience.
- Attitudes and Beliefs
- Causal Attribution
- Communication, Language
- Emotion, Mood, Affect
- Judgment and Decision Making
- Motivation, Goal Setting
- Neuroscience, Psychophysiology
- Person Perception
- Persuasion, Social Influence
- Social Cognition
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- Feldman-Barrett, L., Niedenthal, P., & Winkielman, P. (Eds.). (2005). Emotion and consciousness. New York: Guilford Press.
- Harmon-Jones, E., & Winkielman, P. (Eds.). (2007). Social neuroscience: Integrating biological and psychological explanations of social behavior. New York: Guilford Press.
- Winkielman, P., & Berridge, K. C. (2004). Unconscious emotion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 120-123.
- Winkielman, P., Berridge, K. C., & Wilbarger, J. (2005). Unconscious affective reactions to masked happy versus angry faces influence consumption behavior and judgments of value. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1, 121-135.
- Winkielman, P., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2001). Mind at ease puts a smile on the face: Psychophysiological evidence that processing facilitation elicits positive affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 989-1000.
- Winkielman, P., Halberstadt, J., Fazendeiro, T., & Catty, S. (2006). Prototypes are attractive because they are easy on the mind. Psychological Science, 17, 799-806.
- Winkielman, P., Knauper, B., & Schwarz, N. (1998). Looking back at anger: Reference periods change the interpretation of emotion frequency questions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 719-728.
- Winkielman, P., Knutson, B., Paulus, M. P., & Tujillo, J. T. (2007). Affective influence on judgments and decisions: Moving towards core mechanisms. Review of General Psychology, 11, 179-192.
- Winkielman, P., McIntosh, D. N., & Oberman, L. (2009). Embodied and disembodied emotion processing: Learning from and about typical and autistic individuals. Emotion Review, 2, 178-190.
- Winkielman, P., & Schwarz, N. (2001). How pleasant was your childhood? Beliefs about memory shape inferences from experienced difficulty of recall. Psychological Science, 12, 176-179.
- Winkielman, P., Schwarz, N., & Belli, R. F. (1998). The role of ease of retrieval and attribution in memory judgments: Judging your memory as worse despite recalling more events. Psychological Science, 9, 46-48.
- Winkielman, P., Zajonc, R. B., & Schwarz, N. (1997). Subliminal affective priming resists attributional interventions. Cognition and Emotion, 11, 433-465.
- Winkielman, P., Berntson, G. G., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2001). The psychophysiological perspective on the social mind. In A. Tesser & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intraindividual Processes (pp. 89-108). Oxford: Blackwell.
- Winkielman, P., & Schooler, J. (2008). Unconscious, conscious, and metaconscious in social cognition. In F. Strack & J. Foerster (Eds.), Social cognition: The basis of human interaction (pp. 49-69), Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
- Winkielman, P., Schwarz, N., Fazendeiro, T., & Reber, R. (2003). The hedonic marking of processing fluency: Implications for evaluative judgment. In J. Musch & K. C. Klauer (Eds.), The Psychology of Evaluation: Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion (pp. 189-217). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Motivation and Emotion
- Social Cognition
- Social Neuroscience
Department of Psychology
University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California 92093-0109
- Phone: (858) 822-0682
- Fax: (858) 534-7190