My research explores the interplay between emotion, cognition, embodiment, and consciousness. My primary line examines the operation of basic affective reactions, such as those elicited by emotional facial expressions, emotional pictures, or emotional language. I am interested in how such reactions influence behavior (e.g., consumption, choice, aesthetic and social judgments) and which body and the brain processes underlie those influences. A related line concerns cognitive "feelings", such as the experience of processing fluency and the experience of recall effort. I am also interested in how categorization shapes the impact of information on judgment. While pursuing all these issues, I employ a variety of methodologies: from standard methods of social and cognitive psychology to methods of psychophysiology and social and affective neuroscience. Please see my home page for more specific information about my research program and the full list of publications.
- Attitudes and Beliefs
- Causal Attribution
- Communication, Language
- Emotion, Mood, Affect
- Judgment and Decision Making
- Motivation, Goal Setting
- Neuroscience, Psychophysiology
- Person Perception
- Persuasion, Social Influence
- Social Cognition
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- Feldman-Barrett, L., Niedenthal, P., & Winkielman, P. (Eds.). (2005). Emotion and consciousness. New York: Guilford Press.
- Harmon-Jones, E., & Winkielman, P. (Eds.). (2007). Social neuroscience: Integrating biological and psychological explanations of social behavior. New York: Guilford Press.
- Winkielman, P., & Berridge, K. C. (2004). Unconscious emotion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 120-123.
- Winkielman, P., Berridge, K. C., & Wilbarger, J. (2005). Unconscious affective reactions to masked happy versus angry faces influence consumption behavior and judgments of value. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1, 121-135.
- Winkielman, P., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2001). Mind at ease puts a smile on the face: Psychophysiological evidence that processing facilitation elicits positive affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 989-1000.
- Winkielman, P., Halberstadt, J., Fazendeiro, T., & Catty, S. (2006). Prototypes are attractive because they are easy on the mind. Psychological Science, 17, 799-806.
- Winkielman, P., Knauper, B., & Schwarz, N. (1998). Looking back at anger: Reference periods change the interpretation of emotion frequency questions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 719-728.
- Winkielman, P., Knutson, B., Paulus, M. P., & Tujillo, J. T. (2007). Affective influence on judgments and decisions: Moving towards core mechanisms. Review of General Psychology, 11, 179-192.
- Winkielman, P., McIntosh, D. N., & Oberman, L. (2009). Embodied and disembodied emotion processing: Learning from and about typical and autistic individuals. Emotion Review, 2, 178-190.
- Winkielman, P., Olszanowski, M., & Gola. M. (2015). Faces in between: Evaluative responses to faces reflect the interplay of features and task-dependent fluency. Emotion, 15, 232-242.
- Winkielman, P. & Schooler, J.W. (2011). Splitting consciousness: Unconscious, conscious, and metaconscious processes in social cognition. European Review of Social Psychology, 22, 1–35.
- Winkielman, P., & Schwarz, N. (2001). How pleasant was your childhood? Beliefs about memory shape inferences from experienced difficulty of recall. Psychological Science, 12, 176-179.
- Winkielman, P., Schwarz, N., & Belli, R. F. (1998). The role of ease of retrieval and attribution in memory judgments: Judging your memory as worse despite recalling more events. Psychological Science, 9, 46-48.
- Winkielman, P., Zajonc, R. B., & Schwarz, N. (1997). Subliminal affective priming resists attributional interventions. Cognition and Emotion, 11, 433-465.
- Winkielman, P., Ziembowicz, M. & Nowak, A. (2015). The coherent and fluent mind: How unified consciousness is constructed from cross-modal inputs via integrated processing experiences. Frontiers in Psychology. 6:83.
- Winkielman, P., Berntson, G. G., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2001). The psychophysiological perspective on the social mind. In A. Tesser & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intraindividual Processes (pp. 89-108). Oxford: Blackwell.
- Winkielman, P., Berridge, K., & Sher, S. (2011). Emotion, consciousness, and social behavior. In J. Decety & J. T. Cacioppo (Eds.), Handbook of social neuroscience (pp 195-211). Oxford University Press.
- Winkielman, P., Huber, D.E., Kavanagh, L. & Schwarz, N. (2012). Fluency of consistency: When thoughts fit nicely and flow smoothly. In B. Gawronski & F. Strack (Eds.), Cognitive consistency: A fundamental principle in social cognition (pp 89-111). New York: Guilford Press.
- Winkielman, P., Niedenthal, P., Wielgosz, J., Eelen, J., & Kavanagh, L. C. (2015). Embodiment of cognition and emotion. In M. Mikulincer, P. R. Shaver, E. Borgida, & J. A. Bargh (Eds.), APA handbooks in psychology. APA handbook of personality and social psychology, Vol. 1. Attitudes and social cognition (pp. 151-175).
- Winkielman, P., Schwarz, N., Fazendeiro, T., & Reber, R. (2003). The hedonic marking of processing fluency: Implications for evaluative judgment. In J. Musch & K. C. Klauer (Eds.), The Psychology of Evaluation: Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion (pp. 189-217). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Motivation and Emotion
- Social Cognition
- Social Neuroscience
Department of Psychology
University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California 92093-0109
- Phone: (858) 822-0682
- Fax: (858) 534-7190